The country is discribed as a living sanctuary of rare nature, 80% for fauna species and 90% of the flora are endemic. The lemurs are the most popular of all fauna that include chameleons, rare butterflies, birds and the enormous breathtaking marine life.
There are several species of lemurs living in wild all around the island the most wellknown is the ring-tailed lemur or in malagasy language Maki the common brown lemur, the black and white verreaux's Sifaka or called the dancing lemur.
From the largest one "Indri-Indri" until the smallest mamals exist in the world "the mousse maki" which is a nocturnal species of lemurs.
There are many species of reptiles exist in the island and the most famous is the chameleons, known as a jurassik animal because of the skin and the shape. They are able to change colors in the trees and branches where they are staying. A very strange and unique behaviour that the chameleon has. They are living all over Madagascar, easy to find with its colorful skin and the reflet of the eyes. From the biggest one which is the Parson's chameleon to the smallest Calumma nasutum.
In Madagascar, they prefer the forests, especially the humid eastern forests, which shelter 50% of the endemic bird species, and for great gathering, they prefer water spots.
Discover Madagascar with Madagascar birding tours
The last three months of the year are the most propitious for birdwatching, as birds are then easier to locate because of their songs.
More than half of Madagascar's breeding birds are endemics that are found nowhere else on Earth, so the island is an essential destination for those who want to learn about the world’s bird life in its entirety.
Because Madagascar is a large (and still developing) country, you should plan on investing quite a bite of time in search of the full complement of endemics. Most can be found and observed if you spend, say, three weeks visiting five separate areas. Generally, the best way of getting around is by air (only two site are easily and rapidly accessible by road from the capital, Antananarivo). Domestic flights are reliable, and they serve the island's main centres. There are hotels close to the major birding spots, but their capacity is fairly limited so it is advisable to book well in advance.
Just how good the birding is will be affected, to some extent, by the season. In the rain forest, for instance, the birds and especially the ground-rollers are silent and tend to be inactive during the dry cold season (May-August). Winter viewing in the deciduous dry forest and the subarid thorn scrub, on the other hand, is generally good.